Relative clauses

scotty-duckyWe use relative clauses to give additional information about something without starting another sentence. By combining sentences with a relative, your text becomes more fluent and you can avoid repeating certain words.

How to Form Relative Clauses

Imagine, a girl is talking to Tom. You want to know who she is and ask a friend whether he knows her. You could say:

A girl is talking to Tom. Do you know the girl?

That sounds rather complicated, doesn’t it? It would be easier with a relative clause: you put both pieces of information into one sentence. Start with the most important thing  – you want to know who the girl is. Sigue leyendo


Present Perfect

tennis-rubber-duckySu estructura es: SUJETO + have/has + PARTICIPIO y lo utilizamos para hablar de una acción que dura hasta el presente o cuyo efecto se tiene en cuenta en el momento de hablar (up to now). Suele utilizarse con estos adverbios: Sigue leyendo

Will / Going to

black-rubber-duckyJust a summary contrasting both expressions:

1. Decision just made 
Oh, there is a fire: I’ll call the police immediately!
2. Predictions about the future (Science, weather forecast, fortune teller…)                  
We’ll have sun and fine weather tomorrow.
3. Opinion (I think…/In my opinion,…/I’m sure…/I’m afraid…)
I’m sure you’ll pass; don’t worry!
4. Offers
I’ll help you with your homework.
Sigue leyendo

Reported Speech (basics)

badeente5643Para referirnos a lo que alguien dijo, podemos hacerlo de dos maneras: 1) Direct Speech: es decir, citando literalmente sus palabras (entre comillas) –> Mary said: “I work in this office”. 2) Reported Speech: “contando” lo que dijo, que es más normal –> Mary said (that) she worked in that office. (“That” aparece entre paréntesis porque podemos omitirlo) Sigue leyendo